Petroleum Technology History Part 1 - Background The captains of the oil industry were among the most successful entrepreneurs of any century, reaping huge profits from oil, natural gas, and their byproducts and building business empires that soared to capitalism's heights. Oil even became a factor in some of the most complex geopolitical struggles in the last quarter of the 20th century, ones still playing out today. Oil has touched all our lives in other ways as well. Transformed into petrochemicals, it is all around us, in just about every modern manufactured thing, from the clothes we wear and the medicines we take to the materials that make up our computers, countertops, toothbrushes, running shoes, car bumpers, grocery bags, flooring tiles, and on and on and on.
Kalo Inoculant, U. Until recently, the U. Copyrights protect expression of ideas, not the ideas themselves.
Therefore, copyright is more suitable for protecting fiction than nonfictional works. After some initial hesitancy, the U.
Copyright Office began to register computer software as a "literary work". However, attempts to use copyright infringement litigation to protect computer software have been only sometimes successful. An early response of the software industry to prevent piracy was to use copy-protected diskettes that were required to be inserted in drive A: While this method was inconvenient for users, it was an inexpensive and effective way to allow only one copy of the software to be used at one time.
One famous case in this area is Vault v. The court ruled that Quaid's product had "substantial noninfringing uses" and therefore refused to honor Vault's copyright protection. The software manufacturer sells the diskette and manual, but not the software on the diskette.
Instead, the purchaser has a license to use the software on only one machine at a time. Courts generally have refused to enforce the terms of software license agreements, for example: Harmony Computers, F. The one exception is ProCD v. While I believe that software license agreements can be valid, such Technology in automobile essay are not an economical way to remedy all piracy.
A software manufacturer will not spend thousands of dollars in legal fees to litigate a breach of contract case on a product worth only a few hundred dollars. Note, punitive damages are not available as a remedy in breach of contract cases. However, the license agreement could be a powerful tool in cases where one purchaser can be proved to have distributed at least hundreds of pirated copies.
For relatively expensive software, the manufacture can encode the serial number of the software into a plug that is attached to a serial or parallel port of the computer.
The plug must be connected to the computer on which the software is executed, which effectively prevents more than one copy of the program from being used simultaneously. This anti-piracy method works well for expensive software, but is not practical for inexpensive, mass-market software.
However, I am certain that there are future technological developments that will allow software manufacturers to prevent piracy, without relying on law. This is not the place to engage in a technical discussion of this fascinating area of law.
The point to be made here is that software piracy was a major economic loss to an important industry, yet the courts, legislature, and government agencies did little to protect the software industry.
Internet The Internet was originally created inas a way of sharing current results of research sponsored by the U. Physicists doing research in nuclear physics quickly joined the Internet, also as a way of sharing the latest results of their work in a fast-paced field.
Most of the people using the Internet were well-educated physicists, chemists, and engineers many of whom had earned a doctoral degree. Many of these people were highly creative, somewhat eccentric, and contemptuous of authority.
The last point is critical to understanding the Internet, since authority tends to be reactionary preserve the status quo and distrustful of independent thinkers. The Internet developed as an anarchic organization, where no one was in control, and cooperation among all users was routine.
The Internet began to experience problems when other groups of people e. It is certainly true that there is abundant pornography and hate speech on some parts of the Internet.
However, one rarely accidentally stumbles into this material, unless one reads bulletin boards or the Usenet. In my opinion, there are several points to be made about censorship of offensive material: One should not to seek material that one finds offensive.Technology in the Automobile Industry research papers look at safety, technology and how technology has helped cars drive safer.
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timberdesignmag.com: News analysis, commentary, and research for business technology professionals. Technology Essays: Automotive. Automotive This Essay Automotive and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on timberdesignmag.com Autor: review • October 12, • Essay • Words (2 Pages) • Views4/4(1).
printing press. Prior to the invention of the printing press, books were only available in handwritten copies. This meant that information could be restricted: only priests and monks had access to a copy of the Bible, only attorneys had access to a copy of laws, only physicians had access to recipes for drugs.
Most car companies followed the Olds company by using mass production. Henry M. Leland, president of the Cadillac Automobile Company developed the concept of using interchangeable parts. This was a big step because the interchangeable parts could be used to assemble or repair any car of the same model.