Definition[ edit ] The term "tacit knowing" or "tacit knowledge" is attributed to Michael Polanyi in in Personal Knowledge. In his later work The Tacit Dimension he made the assertion that "we can know more than we can tell. Tacit knowledge can be defined as skills, ideas and experiences that people have but are not codified and may not necessarily be easily expressed Chugh,
Such a distinction was first made by Michael Polyani in the s, but it forms one of the central planks of Nonaka and Takeuchi's book The Knowledge-Creating Company.
According to them, 'explicit' knowledge is formal and systematic : Tacit knowledge is highly personal and hard to formalise. Subjective insights, intuitions and hunches fall into this category of knowledge.
It consists of mental models, beliefs, and perspectives so ingrained that we take them for granted, and therefore cannot easily articulate them.
The explicit knowledge for this might be a set of instructions along the lines of: Stand besides your bike, hold both the handlebars and look forward. Walk briskly forward or run a few paces taking the bike with you. Now mount the bike, putting one foot on each pedal 4. Start pedalling while maintaining you balance 5.
If you start to swerve or lose balance steer the bike into the direction in which you are falling. But would this convey the knowledge - the skill to ride a bicycle?
The knowledge comes through that 'ah-ha' moment, and the ability to repeat it without thinking.
You may have had someone to coach you and most likely hold the bike to help you balance. And you gain confidence with experience. It is embedded in your brain and you use it subconsciously.
The Tacit - Explicit Spectrum Some explicit knowledge, such as factual knowledge can be made portrayed as very precise. Other typessuch as the know-what and know-why may be less clear cut. There is also potential lack of clarity if not articulated in precise terms that leaves no room for ambiguity we all know about politician's summit agreement communiques, or statements made by both parties after an industrial dispute!
At the other end of the spectrum there is deep tacit knowledge, such as belief and judgement, which is very personal and extremely difficult to transfer to other people. On the other hand quite a lot of tacit knowledge, with good 'knowledge harvesting' or elicitation, can be made explicit.
There is also implicit knowledge, which may be present in some combination of explicit and tacit knowledge but needs people to extract it.
An example might be product knowledge that only becomes apparent through reverse engineering. The diagram below elaborates on the simple tacit-explicit split and shows examples of their manifestations.
The transfer of tacit knowledge throughout an enterprise involves complex processes, including the conversion from tacit to explicit, and vice versa. The different conversion processes are described on the knowledge spiral page.
· Tacit Knowledge Transfer within Organisations The organisational strategy for knowledge transference can be focused on people or on the reutilisation of codified knowledge (Hansen et al timberdesignmag.com?article=&context=amcis This paper studies the transfer of tacit and explicit knowledge from foreign parents to international joint ventures (IJVs) and the impact of these two types of knowledge timberdesignmag.com See, Do, Teach is a knowledge transfer process designed to incorporate the needed learning elements to quickly develop expertise through an intensive, immersive period of learning over a month or timberdesignmag.com://timberdesignmag.com Tacit knowledge is a form of procedural knowledge—the knowledge of how to perform activities as opposed to factual knowledge.
Tacit knowledge relies on the individual’s own experience and it timberdesignmag.com · tacit knowledge transfer to peers and the wider academic community. There are negligible existing studies that focus on tacit knowledge transfer in Australian universities and little knowledge and information about making tacit knowledge transfer mandatory timberdesignmag.com Abstract.
Scholars frequently suggest that since tacit knowledge is valuable, heterogeneous among firms, and difficult to imitate, it has the potential to provide firms with a sustained competitive timberdesignmag.com › Home › ETDS › Doctoral Dissertations ›