Sustainability of economic development in angola essay

Those five are the duties of universal obligation. Knowledge, magnanimity, and energy, these three, are the virtues universally binding.

Sustainability of economic development in angola essay

Bauer College of Business, University of Houston. The Integrated Strategy Machine What does it take to translate technological advances into strategic advantage?

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We believe that technology-enhanced strategy can be realized only Sustainability of economic development in angola essay the context of an integrated strategy machine: It comprises a range of conceptual and analytical operations—including problem definition, signal processing, pattern recognition, abstraction and conceptualization, analysis, and prediction—that connect into a seamless whole.

This alignment of individual operations toward the overall aim makes the strategy machine integrated. Effective business strategy development, with or without technology, must accommodate reframing, the process of redefinition and reanalysis of the problem that BCG founder Bruce Henderson considered to be at the heart of effective business thinking.


To enable reframing, the strategy machine must span the end-to-end process of strategy development and implementation. Rather than formulating strategy in a vacuum, the strategy machine must continuously update and improve strategy by analyzing feedback and execution data.

There needs to be a constant interplay between upstream and downstream elements of the strategy machine. Although machines and algorithms can play increasingly large and important roles in strategy making and execution, the integrated strategy machine must, at least for now, be designed by human beings: It is important to understand why.

In other words, artificial intelligence is still far from being general.

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Of course, this is not to say that machines are incapable of learning these higher-order skills—we anticipate that technology will play a larger and larger role within the strategy machine.

Amazon provides an excellent example of an integrated strategy machine. The company has at least 21 data science systems, including several for supply chain optimization, an inventory forecasting system, a sales forecasting system, a profit optimization system, a recommendation engine, and many others.

For example, if the sales forecasting system detects that the popularity of an item is increasing, it triggers a cascade of changes: These are only some of the first-order effects, and further interactions occur downstream. While many of the operations happen automatically, human beings design experiments and review data traces to continue to learn and evolve the machine design.

Humans also extract higher-order insights from anomalies and patterns, captured by machines, that inform their next strategic moves. Or consider how the integrated strategy machine works in the venture capital industry.

Correlation Ventures thrives on the exploding amount of data around start-ups, including data on financing, investors, business segments, founding teams, and other relevant parameters.

Like many venture capital firms, Correlation sources most of its deal opportunities through its human connections. However, whereas the conventional approach to deal due diligence involves repeated rounds of interviews with founders and key customers as well as deep market research, Correlation focuses on documentary information.

To evaluate investment opportunities, the firm runs the data through its predictive analytics algorithm; humans then perform a more holistic review of the opportunities that pass the algorithmic screen. Thus, machines and people each contribute their unique strengths to make accurate investment decisions.

Beyond predictive power, this approach also achieves speed, scalability, and evolvability: The Requirements and the Pitfalls How can businesses create an effective integrated strategy machine? We have identified six requirements: A Relevant, Specific Strategic Aim.

The integrated strategy machine must be directed at a relevant aim, a desired outcome.

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China’s stellar rise Byit was eighty-six to one.

Humans must provide the initial question or insight into where the opportunity lies. Whereas a group of people may be able to accommodate ambiguity and find the right aim through self-organization, the strategy machine needs an explicit aim.

The opposite of having a relevant, specific aim is asking the wrong question.

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Powerful technology can cause us to do that by preoccupying us with what it can do rather than what it should do. In other words, if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail.

No strategy machine can be effective in all situations.Angola’s Political and Economic Development. Angola, Africa’s top oil producer, is flush with money. Yet wealth remains concentrated in the hands of a very few, leaving the bulk of the.

Sustainability of economic development in angola essay

Sep 10,  · In fact, Angola has achieved greater progress in improving the social and economic well-being of its population in the recent past than any other nation aside from Brazil, according to The Boston Consulting Group’s Sustainable Economic Development Assessment. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.

An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism.

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Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities. A newly released study, produced with help from eight universities, found some good news.

Between and , the global impact of human activities on the terrestrial environment is expanding more slowly than the rates of economic and/or population growth.

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