NGOs and civil society Towards more humane prison systems 23 April - Faced with exploding prison populations, some criminal justice systems are struggling to cope. Prison overcrowding poses major humanitarian, public health and security challenges.
Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby humans practice benevolent treatment and provide assistance to other humans, in order to better humanity for moral, altruistic and logical reasons. It is the philosophical belief in movement toward the improvement of the human race in a variety of areas, used to describe a wide number of activities relating specifically to human welfare. This represented a movement towards greater humaneness in the treatment of the incarcerated. In recent decades, however, the idea of treating prisoners humanely seems to have lost traction. We are much more attuned to the idea of punishing people for committing crimes. Some people believe the history of corrections shows continuous movement toward more humane treatment of prisoners as society has progressed. In the beginning punishments for prisoners were considered a corporal punishment which was whipping, beheading, dismembering, torture or even death.
Therefore, humanitarians work towards advancing the well-being of humanity as a whole. It is the antithesis of the "us vs.
Humanitarians abhor slaveryviolation of basic and human rightsand discrimination on the basis of features such as skin colour, religion, ancestry, or place of birth.
Humanitarianism drives people to save lives, alleviate suffering, and promote human dignity in the middle of man-made or natural disasters.
Humanitarianism is embraced by movements and people across the political spectrum. The informal ideology can be summed up by a quote from Albert Schweitzer: The wellspring of the principle of humanity is in the essence of social morality which can be summed up in a single sentence, Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them.
This fundamental precept can be found, in almost identical form, in all the great religions, Brahminism, Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Islam, Judaism and Taoism.
It is also the golden rule of the positivists, who do not commit themselves to any religion but only to the data of experience, in the name of reason alone. It is indeed not at all necessary to resort to affective or transcendental concepts to recognize the advantage for men to work together to improve their lot.
Many of the women in Great Britain who were involved with feminism during the s also pushed humanitarianism. The atrocious hours and working conditions of children and unskilled laborers were made illegal by pressure on Parliament by humanitarians.
The Factory Act of and the Factory Act of were some of the most significant humanitarian bills passed in Parliament following the Industrial Revolution. In the middle of the 19th century, humanitarianism was central to the work of Florence Nightingale and Henry Dunant in emergency response and in the latter case led to the founding of the Red Cross.
Emergency response[ edit ] Today, humanitarianism is particularly used to describe the thinking and doctrines behind the emergency response to humanitarian crises. In such cases it argues for a humanitarian response based on humanitarian principlesparticularly the principle of humanity.
They also serve as background document to develop operational tools that help in obtaining both the consent of communities for the presence and activities of humanitarian organizations, particularly in highly volatile contexts. Digital Humanitarian NetworkInternet activismand Relief 2.
Vincent Fevrier notes that " social media can benefit the humanitarian sector [ During the summer ofwhen open fires raged across Russia, causing many to die from smog inhalation,  the use of social media allowed digital humanitarians to map the areas in need of support.
This is because Russians who were hoping to be evacuated were posting online about the conditions they were in which prompted thousands of Russian bloggers to coordinate relief efforts online.
It has been argued that Big Data is constitutive of a social relation in which digital humanitarians claim both the formal humanitarian sector and victims of crises need the services and labor that can be provided by digital humanitarians.Start studying CJS Final.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Create. Log in Sign up. Leading the charge toward more humane treatment of offenders was. William Penn. movement of money through illegal means to make it appear as if it was gained through legitmate means.
The introduction of this legislation will help us take a step toward more humane prison practices and shine a light on the tens of thousands of human beings condemned to suffer in prolonged solitary confinement with little legal remedy. Change in humane treatment of prisoners: From the past to present, there is a continuous improvement in treating prisoners towards humane treatment.
Some liberalization is made in the law from time to time. Standards on Treatment of Prisoners. Reasonable steps should be taken during movement to protect restrained prisoners from accidental injury.
is conducive to humane and respectful treatment of prisoners, supports adherence to professional standards, and encourages ethical conduct. Moral treatment was an approach to mental disorder based on humane psychosocial care or moral discipline that emerged in the 18th century and came to the fore for much of the 19th century, deriving partly from psychiatry or psychology and partly from religious or .
The Detaining Power, in utilizing the labour of prisoners of war, shall en sure that in areas in which prisoners are employed, the national legislation concerning the protection of labour, and, more particularly, the regulations for the safety of workers, are duly applied.