From disobedience to disorder:
Paul along side Virgil; humility topos - evoke help and acknowledge that he's not worthy; First time "I" is used. Pagan believe in circular cycles, not ending; The cause is in the end; Journey starts on Thursday structured to fit with Holy week; 37 Anti-inferno, gates; the neutrals failed to chose; Lucifer and others thrown down, he created the pit when he fell; Dante is attacking those who sit on the fence; 18 those who lack the good of the intellect; contrepasso follow around a blank banner for some cause; compelled by wasps for all eternity to choose a side; Dante's attacking those who choose self-preservation and take no chances; The pope abdicated; There's an earthquake and he falls asleep, symbolic of the pilgrim's incapacity just as the sinners.
Entering First Circle Limbo; the harrowing of hell - Saturday after good Friday; Gospel of Niccademus part of the Apocrypha, not approved to be in the Bible; the more the church negated them, the more people read them; Some of the books that fill in the life of Christ; The Harrowing of Hell happens of Saturday of Holy week, Christ goes to hell, takes out other OT patriarchs including Adam and Eve; This satisfies the need for triumph in the story, after all, Christ dies humiliated; Virgil is in Limbo when Evil in dante and chaucer enters hell; this canto deals with who's who in Limbo; Dante the poet is embraced by other poets; Their only error was that these poets were pre-Christian.
Homer holds a sword like Christ a victorious figure 2nd Circle, the lustful, Francesca and Paolo, are always tortured by winds, swirling around; Poetry is dangerous; the lovers were reading about Lancelot adultery which brings Camelot down; the book is dangerous ideals, passion, romances ; This is still upper hell incontinence - meaning they can't help themselves, control appetites; Lacking control but not engaging in deception; These are not willed and conscious; Dante's naive himself and collapses just on the surface level; He's responding emotionally, not getting the point Rain is the contrapasso to counter the heat of passion; They were killed by the husband and didn't get to repent.
Dante is so sympathetic that he swoons. The gluttons; Indulgence of physical vs spiritual pleasure; They are always persecuted by dirty, cold rain, crawling around; The gluttons it's the excess appetite; the rain never ends, just like the satiation of gluttony.
Cerberus, 3 headed dog, will eat anything, even the dirt that Virgil throws into his mouth; Ciacco, a Florentine citizen, is asked about the schism and division that gluttony has brought upon in Florence.
Doctrine of resurrection Some are pushing up a hill, some pushing down the hill; None are going anywhere. Why do you hoard? Why do you squander? Medieval concept of money being evil; The pushing back and forth is commenting on the view that money circulates without producing anything; 5th Circle: Wrathful Phlegyas, the boatman; sinners in the thick mud; Here he meets Filippo Argenti, a black guelph, turned his teeth against himself; Dante is angry and hateful towards Argenti, desiring revenge not justice.
They're at the gates of Dis, which represents Florence. At the Gates of Dis city of the sorrowing ; Dante scared because of Virgil's reaction to the deamons.
Christ is on his descent. Virgil covers Dante's eyes; The reader is asked to pay attention. Across the waves there was a horrid sound which made both shorelines quake; Angel appears walking on the water, opens the gates of Dis and Virgil and Dante enter; Dante encounters sepulchers where arch-heretics were ensepulchered together; Some monuments heated more than others, these souls were made to "speak by way of sighs in agony" 9.
The heretic turns off to the right. Still the 6th circle with Heretics and Epicureans who denied the immortability of the human soul, especially among the Ghibellines.
The shade of Guido's father rises asking for his son. Guido poet married Beatrice, to ensure Guelphs would be united; He descends when he believes his son might be dead; Farinata states that exile is harder than enduring flames in hell; Dante seeks an answer for the future, since shadow doesn't know present but could tell future; Among those with Farinata, is Frederick II, King of Sicily and Naples, Emperor of Roman Empire and Cardinal Ubaldini "help me undo the knot that here has snarled my course of thought" 94 This is the pilgrim learning.
Here he's asking more specific questions. Dante tells Ferinata to tell the other shade that his son is alive. Here the pilgrim has been playing with the sin of omission to test the spirit. Virgil reminds Dante about the "slander" he's heard here but that his "lifetime's journey" Dante will learn from Beatrice.
Still 6th circle; Virgil explicates what they will be seeing soon; Walking around upper rim of high bank, trying to avoid stench, they were behind the lid of Pope Anastasius's tomb,enticed to leave the true path by Photinus XI.
Violent Ring those who strike in malice, strike himself and his belongings, gamblers, contempt of God Circle 8: Ordinary Fraud hypocrites, flatterers, sorcerers, Circle 9: Treacherous Fraud; Seat of Dis, traitors.
Dante asks why aren't earlier figures punished in the flames of the city. Virgil mentions the 3 dispositions that strike at Heaven's will- incontinence excessive indulgencemalice fraudmad bestiality heresy, sodomy, beastial nature or other sins ; Incontinence hurts God least, so he punishes it less.
The dual nature of man: They near stream of blood Phlegethon "where those who injure others violently boil" Centaurs approach, but Virgil insists upon speaking with Chiron chief Centaur and trainer of Achilles and other Greek heroes They meet Nessus, a centaur who died for trying to rape Deianira Hercules's wife.
The centaurs shoot arrows at those in the water who dare come out of the blood "more than its guilt allots" Violent against themselves suicide or possessions squanderers.
Pier della Vigna secretary to Frederick II is a tree in the woods who cried when Dante broke one of its branches. He had committed suicide after the King's court and the king turned on him. Dante is sympathetic to Vigna's framing in court. Like Boetheus's "Consolation of Philosophy"; It's despair, a noble suicide; Dante would empathize because he's exiled and in the service of his lord.Good and Evil in Dante’s Divine Comedy and Chaucer’s The Wife of Bath Words | 8 Pages two opposing thought processes can be seen by looking at Dante’s Divine Comedy, and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath.
Chaucer's primary purpose is to present a humorous and compassionate portrayal of human existence including innocence and guilt, or goodness and evil while Dante.
Chaucer and the Poets Weatherbee, Winthrop Published by Cornell University Press Weatherbee, Winthrop. Statius and Dante's Statius A of evil, and the rariry of their descents to the earth enable them to know truth . [3. ].
drives out by the course of Fate all evil from the bounds of His state. Wherefore if you look to the disposition of Providence, you will reckon naught as bad of . Yet Chaucer places him at the very bottom of humanity because he uses the church and holy, religious objects as tools to profit personally.
In the other great classic of the Middle Ages, Dante's Divine Comedy, Dante arranges hell into nine concentric circles. Discover Dante Alighieri famous and rare quotes. Share Dante Alighieri quotations about soul, heaven and heart.
For where the instrument of intelligence is added to brute power and evil will, mankind is powerless in its own defense.
Dante Alighieri. Power, Evil, Geoffrey Chaucer. Niccolo Machiavelli. Giotto di Bondone. Dan Brown.