Social Movements Types of Social Classes of People Social class refers to a group of people with similar levels of wealth, influence, and status. Sociologists typically use three methods to determine social class: The subjective method asks people what they think of themselves. The reputational method asks what people think of others.
The Institutions of Foreign Policy Political Socialization Political socialization is a lifelong process by which people form their ideas about politics and acquire political values. The family, educational system, peer groups, and the mass media all play a role.
While family and school are important early in life, what our peers think and what we read in the newspaper and see on television have more influence on our political attitudes as adults.
Family Our first political ideas are shaped within the family. Parents seldom "talk politics" with their young children directly, but casual remarks made around the dinner table or while helping with homework can have an impact. Family tradition is particularly a factor in party identification, as indicated by the phrases lifelong Republican and lifelong Democrat.
The family may be losing its power as an agent of socialization, however, as institutions take over more of child care and parents perform less of it. Schools Children are introduced to elections and voting when they choose class officers, and the more sophisticated elections in high school and college teach the rudiments of campaigning.
Political facts are learned through courses in American history and government, and schools, at their best, encourage students to critically examine government institutions. Schools themselves are involved in politics; issues such as curriculum reform, funding, and government support for private schools often spark a debate that involves students, teachers, parents, and the larger community.
Exceptions are issues that directly affect them, such as the Vietnam War during the s. Later, if peers are defined in terms of occupation, then the group does exert an influence on how its members think politically.
For example, professionals such as teachers or bankers often have similar political opinions, particularly on matters related to their careers. Mass media Much of our political information comes from the mass media: The amount of time the average American family watches TV makes it the dominant information source, particularly with the expansion of hour all-news cable channels.
Not only does television help shape public opinion by providing news and analysis, but its entertainment programming addresses important contemporary issues that are in the political arena, such as drug use, abortion, and crime.
The growth of the Internet is also significant; not only do essentially all-news outlets have their own Web sites, but online bloggers present a broad range of political opinion, information, and analysis.Class, Socialization, and Politics Elections are at the core of the American political system.
They are the way we choose our government, the source of government authority, and a means by which the people can influence public policy. Socialization Socialization is the process by which culture is learned; also called enculturation.
During socialization individuals internalize a culture's social controls, along . “The Influence of Social Class on Socialization.” Pp. in Contemporary Theories about the Family, edited by Wesley R. Burr, Reuben Hill.
F. Ivan Nye, and Ira L. Reiss. New York: Free Press. Over forty years ago, pioneering political-socialization researcher Herbert Hyman proclaimed that “foremost among agencies of socialization into politics is the family” (Hyman, ).
Hyman had good reason for making this assumption. "Political socialization", the process by which you become "AWARE" of the politics around you, is one of the most powerful forces in politics. Below, you will find a ton of information, based on real science and research, that helps explain the political socialization process.
Class, Socialization, and Politics Elections are at the core of the American political system. They are the way we choose our government, the source of government authority, and a means by which the people can influence public policy.