Home Healthcare Nurse, 12 3 Home health nursing scope and standards of practice. Nursing informatics nursing scope and standards of practice. Improving client outcomes through differentiated practice:
Members of our research group recently asked several hundred fathers of elementary school children in the United States and in China the following question: The average score was What score do you think your child would get? The averages given by the fathers of children at grades 1, 3, and 5 were much above the hypothetical average of Chinese and American fathers alike gave estimates in the mids.
Chinese fathers would be satisfied with a score that averaged 8 points higher than their first estimates; American fathers would be content with scores 3 points lower than the ones they expected their child would receive.
This phenomenon is not limited to fathers nor to mathematics. We have also asked about reading, and we have sought the opinions of mothers and of high school students.
Our respondents have been representative samples of parents and students in Chicago and Minneapolis, in the Chinese cities of Beijing and Taipei, and in the Japanese city of Sendai. Results have been consistent. Americans will be satisfied if the scores are similar to or lower than those they expect; Asians will be satisfied if the students do better than what is expected.
We posed the following question to 11th graders in the three countries: One study compared the performance in math of high school students from eight industrialized countries. Seventy percent of the Japanese students, 48 percent of the Taiwan students, but only 5 percent of the Americans thought their country would be in first or second place.
Their teachers responded similarly: Nevertheless, when compared to students in Japan and Taiwan, Americans expressed the greatest confidence that they were performing as well in school as their parents and teachers wanted them to—and up to their expectations as well. In short, they believed they were meeting the standards of their society.
The results have been nearly identical. Over 40 percent of American parents say they are very satisfied.
Less than 10 percent of the Chinese and Japanese express this view. The results of our interviews all point to one conclusion: Despite the emerging awareness that American students are not competitive with their peers in other industrialized countries, American parents, teachers, and students hold markedly lower standards for academic achievement than do their counterparts in Asia.
Why the Discrepancy in Standards? No such norms or guidelines exist in the area of academic achievement. Compounding the difficulty is the fact that American grading systems convey only a vague message of how to judge academic progress.
Parents, deprived of norms and clear evaluations, find it difficult to establish standards. Should their 5th grader be able to add fractions with unequal denominators? Should a 7th grader understand the grammatical classification of words? Parents on their own cannot answer questions such as these.
Nor do they have accurate information about how their child is doing compared to other children. Asian parents, in contrast, have ready access to such information. National curriculums define what is expected of children at each grade level, and textbooks conform to these standards.
Ministries of education set high standards, but not so high that the average student, with appropriate instruction and practice, is unable to meet them. States, districts, and even individual schools establish their own curriculums.
They decide the way subjects are organized, the rate at which topics are presented, and the frequency with which they are discussed. Innovation is prized, and year-old curriculums may be rapidly displaced by still newer ones.
|Automatic Bibliography Maker||Adult education Students completing high school may choose to attend a college or university, which offer undergraduate degrees such as Associate's degrees or Bachelor's degrees baccalaureate. Community college or junior college typically offer two-year associate degrees, although some community colleges offer a limited number of bachelor's degrees.|
|The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.||Previous articles have inspired me to discuss the differences in the education experience of Asian countries and that of America. They are also encouraged to discuss some topics with other students and the teacher, and to do projects at home.|
Perhaps in reaction to this disarray, the current movement to design national guidelines for education is meeting strong approval. Such guidelines, with their implicit standards, are not being designed by a governmental agency, such as the Department of Education, but by national organizations.
For example, the guidelines of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics are often praised as a model for other organizations. Once the guidelines have been established, local governments and school districts must decide how to devise curriculums that will enable students to meet these standards.
Where Do American Students Stand? Is all this concern about standards and the need for educational reform merited? Some recent critics do not acknowledge that American schools are in trouble.Comparison of the healthcare systems in Canada and the United States is often made by government, public health and public policy analysts.
The two countries had similar healthcare systems before Canada changed its system in the s and s. The United States spends much more money on healthcare than Canada, on both a per-capita basis and as a percentage of GDP.
Aug 04, · Asian students carry high expectations for success. FORT MYERS, Fla. -- The difference between Asian and American education systems is cultural. The U.S. education system is mediocre compared to the rest of the world, according to an international ranking of OECD countries.
The Omaha System is a research-based, comprehensive practice and documentation standardized taxonomy designed to describe client care. It is based on rigorous and extensive research, and enables collection, aggregation, and analysis of clinical data worldwide.
The answer begins with the observation that, in the American system, as students start to fall behind, they find it harder and harder to comprehend what is going on in class and fall even farther.
State and Society. The Russian Heritage. Russia has a history of power centrally concentrated in the economy, culture, education, media, religion, and citizens private lives.